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Contraception. 2011 Feb;83(2):127-33. doi: 10.1016/j.contraception.2010.07.005. Epub 2010 Aug 30.

Use of contraception among US women with frequent mental distress.

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  • 1Division of Reproductive Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA.



This study examines whether a woman's mental health is associated with use of contraception.


We used national data from 2004 and 2006 to calculate the prevalence of contraceptive use among women with frequent mental distress. We examined associations among mental distress and permanent contraception and any highly or moderately effective, reversible contraceptive method.


Women with (86%) and without (87%) frequent mental distress reported using contraception, but contraceptive type varied by mental distress and income. Among women who use contraception, those with frequent mental distress had 1.4 times higher odds (95% CI: 1.2-1.6) of using permanent contraception. Among lower income women who use reversible contraception, those with frequent mental distress had lower odds of using highly [adjusted odds ratio (aOR)=0.5, 95% CI: 0.4-0.8] and moderately (aOR=0.6, 95% CI: 0.4-0.9) effective methods than less effective methods.


Contraceptive providers should consider mental health when providing counseling about contraception.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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