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Prostaglandins Other Lipid Mediat. 2011 Apr;94(3-4):96-103. doi: 10.1016/j.prostaglandins.2011.01.002. Epub 2011 Jan 12.

Niacin promotes adipogenesis by reducing production of anti-adipogenic PGF2α through suppression of C/EBPβ-activated COX-2 expression.

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Laboratory of Biodefense and Regulation, Osaka University of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 4-20-1 Nasahara, Takatsuki, Osaka 569-1094, Japan.


Niacin is converted to NAD and NADP in tissues, whose products are involved in a number of cellular processes; and it is associated with the regulation of adipogenesis. In this study, we identified the molecular mechanism by which niacin promotes the adipogenesis in mouse 3T3-L1 cells. When the cells were cultured with niacin, the expression of adipogenic peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ, CCAAT enhancer binding protein (C/EBP)α, and their target genes was enhanced concomitant with an increase in triglyceride storage. Moreover, niacin suppressed the expression of cyclooxygenase-2 and decreased the production of prostaglandin (PG) F(2α) in the early phase of adipogenesis, which PG suppresses the progression of adipogenesis via the PGF(2α) receptor. Furthermore, niacin decreased the C/EBPβ level in the early phase of adipogenesis. These results indicate that niacin promoted adipogenesis by suppressing the production of the anti-adipogenic PGF(2α) through down-regulation of C/EBPβ-activated cyclooxygenase-2 expression in adipocytes.

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