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Ann Pediatr Cardiol. 2010 Jul;3(2):107-12. doi: 10.4103/0974-2069.74035.

Sudden cardiac death in children and adolescents (excluding Sudden Infant Death Syndrome).

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Department of Pediatrics, Louisiana State University School of Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA.


Sudden death in the young is rare. About 25% of cases occur during sports. Most young people with sudden cardiac death (SCD) have underlying heart disease, with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and coronary artery anomalies being commonest in most series. Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia and long QT syndrome are the most common primary arrhythmic causes of SCD. It is estimated that early cardiopulmonary resuscitation and widespread availability of automatic external defibrillators could prevent about a quarter of pediatric sudden deaths.


Children; hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; long QT syndrome; sudden cardiac death

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