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Epilepsy Res. 2011 Feb;93(2-3):212-5. doi: 10.1016/j.eplepsyres.2010.12.006. Epub 2011 Jan 12.

White matter density is increased in patients with hypothalamic hamartoma and multiple seizure types.

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Department of Neurology, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92354, United States.


Many patients with hypothalamic hamartomas present in infancy with gelastic seizures of subcortical origin, but later develop additional seizure types, including complex partial, tonic, and generalized tonic-clonic seizures. The basic cellular mechanisms responsible for this evolution in seizure types are unknown. Using voxel-based morphometry of T1 weighted MRI scans we compared eight patients with only gelastic seizures with 16 age-matched patients with multiple seizure types and found significantly greater white matter density in the temporal lobes and cerebellum in those with multiple seizure types. This suggests that increased white matter density, perhaps resulting from maturational changes and resulting in increased brain connectivity, is associated with a higher likelihood of cortical involvement in epilepsy resulting from hypothalamic hamartoma.

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