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Dent Mater. 2011 May;27(5):439-44. doi: 10.1016/j.dental.2010.12.002. Epub 2011 Jan 12.

Residual stress measurement in veneering ceramic by hole-drilling.

Author information

1
Department of Fixed Prosthodontics, Institute of Dentistry, University Hospital of Liège, ULg, 45 Quai G. Kurth, Liège 4020, Belgium. a.mainjot@chu.ulg.ac.be

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Mismatch in thermal expansion properties between veneering ceramic and metallic or high-strength ceramic cores can induce residual stresses and initiate cracks when combined with functional stresses. Knowledge of the stress distribution within the veneering ceramic is a key factor for understanding and predicting chipping failures, which are well-known problems with Yttria-tetragonal-zirconia-polycrystal based fixed partial dentures. The objectives of this study are to develop a method for measuring the stress profile in veneering ceramics and to compare ceramic-fused-to-metal compounds to veneered Yttria-tetragonal-zirconia-polycrystal ceramic.

METHODS:

The hole-drilling method, often used for engineering measurements, was adapted for use with veneering ceramic. Because of the high sensitivity needed in comparison with industrial applications, a high sensitivity electrical measurement chain was developed.

RESULTS:

All samples exhibited the same type of stress vs. depth profile, starting with compressive at the ceramic surface, decreasing with depth and becoming tensile at 0.5-1.0mm from the surface, and then becoming slightly compressive again. The zirconia samples exhibited a stress depth profile of larger magnitude.

SIGNIFICANCE:

The hole drilling method was shown be a practical tool for measuring residual stresses in veneering ceramics.

PMID:
21232786
DOI:
10.1016/j.dental.2010.12.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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