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Phys Rev Lett. 2010 Dec 17;105(25):250404. Epub 2010 Dec 16.

Local deterministic model of singlet state correlations based on relaxing measurement independence.

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Theoretical Physics, Research School of Physics and Engineering, Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200, Australia.


The derivation of Bell inequalities requires an assumption of measurement independence, related to the amount of free will experimenters have in choosing measurement settings. Violation of these inequalities by singlet state correlations brings this assumption into question. A simple measure of the degree of measurement independence is defined for correlation models, and it is shown that all spin correlations of a singlet state can be modeled via giving up just 14% of measurement independence. The underlying model is deterministic and no signaling. It may thus be favorably compared with other underlying models of the singlet state, which require maximum indeterminism or maximum signaling. A local deterministic model is also given that achieves the maximum possible violation of the well-known Bell-Clauser-Horne-Shimony-Holt inequality, at a cost of only 1/3 of measurement independence.

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