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Phys Rev Lett. 2010 Sep 24;105(13):137002. Epub 2010 Sep 24.

Carrier-concentration dependence of the pseudogap ground state of superconducting Bi₂Sr(₂-x)La(x)CuO(₆+δ) revealed by ⁶³,⁶⁵Cu-nuclear magnetic resonance in very high magnetic fields.

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Department of Physics, Okayama University, Okayama 700-8530, Japan.


We report the results of the Knight shift by ⁶³,⁶⁵Cu-NMR measurements on single-layered copper-oxide Bi₂Sr(₂-x)La(x)CuO(₆+δ) conducted under very high magnetic fields up to 44 T. The magnetic field suppresses superconductivity completely, and the pseudogap ground state is revealed. The ⁶³Cu-NMR Knight shift shows that there remains a finite density of states at the Fermi level in the zero-temperature limit, which indicates that the pseudogap ground state is a metallic state with a finite volume of Fermi surface. The residual density of states in the pseudogap ground state decreases with decreasing doping (increasing x) but remains quite large even at the vicinity of the magnetically ordered phase of x ≥ 0.8, which suggests that the density of states plunges to zero upon approaching the Mott insulating phase.

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