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Blood. 2011 Mar 3;117(9):2728-34. doi: 10.1182/blood-2010-08-303263. Epub 2011 Jan 12.

Hematopoietic cell transplantation comorbidity index predicts transplantation outcomes in pediatric patients.

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Blood and Marrow Transplant Program, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA.


Quantifying the risk of hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT)-related mortality for pediatric patients is challenging. The HCT-specific comorbidity index (HCT-CI) has been confirmed as a useful tool in adults, but has not yet been validated in children. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 252 pediatric patients undergoing their first allogeneic HCT between January 2008 and May 2009. Pretransplantation comorbidities were scored prospectively using the HCT-CI. Median age at transplantation was 6 years (range, 0.1-20) and median follow-up was 343 days (range, 110-624). HCT-CI scores were distributed as follows: 0, n=139; 1-2, n=52; and 3+, n=61. The 1-year cumulative incidence of nonrelapse mortality (NRM) increased (10%, 14%, and 28%, respectively; P<.01) and overall survival (OS) decreased (88%, 67%, and 62%, respectively; P<.01) with increasing HCT-CI score. Multivariate analysis showed that compared with score 0, those with scores of 1-2 and 3+ had relative risks of NRM of 1.5 (95% confidence interval, 0.5-4.3, P=.48) and 4.5 (95% confidence interval, 1.7-12.1, P<.01), respectively. These results indicate that the HCT-CI score predicts NRM and OS in pediatric patients undergoing HCT and is a useful tool to assess risk, guide counseling in the pretransplantation setting, and devise innovative therapies for the highest risk groups.

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