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Soc Sci Med. 2011 Feb;72(4):591-9. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2010.11.028. Epub 2010 Dec 16.

The interaction of personal and parental education on health.

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1
Sociology Department, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712-0118, USA. cross@prc.utexas.edu

Abstract

The association between education and good health is well established, but whether the strength of the association depends on other social statuses is not. We test a theory of resource substitution which predicts a larger correlation between education and health (measured for physical impairment) for people who grew up in families with poorly-educated parents than for those whose parents were well educated. This is supported in the Aging, Status, and Sense of control (ASOC) survey, a representative national U.S. sample with data collected in 1995, 1998, and 2001. The reason that parental education matters more to people who are poorly educated themselves is due to an unhealthy lifestyle, specifically to smoking and being overweight. Finally, as the poorly educated age, the negative health effects of their parents' low educational attainment get worse.

PMID:
21227556
PMCID:
PMC3049298
DOI:
10.1016/j.socscimed.2010.11.028
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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