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Am J Pathol. 2011 Jan;178(1):222-32. doi: 10.1016/j.ajpath.2010.11.033. Epub 2010 Dec 23.

Arachidonate 5-lipoxygenase establishes adaptive humoral immunity by controlling primary B cells and their cognate T-cell help.

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Department of Pathology Sapporo Medical University School of Medicine, Sapporo, Japan.


In this study, we report the unique role of arachidonate 5-lipoxygenase (Alox5) in the regulation of specific humoral immune responses. We previously reported an L22 monoclonal antibody with which human primary resting B cells in the mantle zones of lymphoid follicles are well-defined. Proteomics analyses enabled identification of an L22 antigen as Alox5, which was highly expressed by naive and memory B cells surrounding germinal centers. Cellular growth of mantle cell lymphoma cells also seemed to depend on Alox5. Alox5(-/-) mice exhibited weak antibody responses specific to foreign antigens at the initial and recall phases. This was probably attributable to the low number of follicular and memory B cells and the functional loss of interleukin-21-mediated responses of follicular B cells. Moreover, Alox5(-/-) mice could not fully foster the development of follicular B helper T (Tfh) cells even after immunization with foreign antigens. Further experiments indicated that Alox5 affected mortality in experimentally induced enterocolitis in germ-prone circumstances, indicating that Alox5 would endow immunologic milieu. Our results illustrate the novel role of Alox5 in adaptive humoral immunity by managing primary B cells and Tfh cells in vivo.

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