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Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2011 Apr;35(4):689-94. doi: 10.1111/j.1530-0277.2010.01386.x. Epub 2011 Jan 11.

Can we assess blood alcohol levels of attendees leaving professional sporting events?

Author information

1
Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55454, USA. erick232@umn.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

We measured blood alcohol content (BAC) levels of attendees at professional sporting events and assessed the factors associated with higher BACs.

METHODS:

We conducted BAC tests of 362 adult attendees following 13 baseball games and three football games. We ran multivariate analyses to obtain factors associated with the risk of having a higher BAC.

RESULTS:

In this assessment, 40% of the participants had a positive BAC, ranging from 0.005 to 0.217. Those who reported tailgating before the event had 14 times the odds of having a BAC > 0.08 and those under age 35 had nearly 8 times the odds of having a BAC > 0.08 (both compared to a zero BAC). Attendees of Monday night football games were more likely to have positive BACs compared to attendees at all other games.

CONCLUSIONS:

We found that it is feasible to assess BAC levels of attendees at professional sporting events. Our findings suggest that a significant number of attendees at professional sporting events may have elevated BAC levels, particularly young adults and those who participated in tailgating activities. Further research using a representative sample is warranted to confirm the findings from this preliminary study.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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