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Ment Health Stat Note. 1990 Aug;(193):1-27.

Expenditures and sources of funds for mental health organizations: United States and each state, 1986.



Expenditures by the 8 types of mental health organizations covered in this report totaled $18.5 billion in 1986, for the United States and the Territories. Three States (California, New York, and Pennsylvania) accounted for one-third of this total. Nationally, the largest proportion of total expenditures were the expenses of State and county mental hospitals (34 percent, down from 38 percent in 1983) and those of multiservice mental health organizations (20 percent). In all but 19 States, State and county mental hospitals (hereafter called State mental hospitals) had the largest expenditures of any type of mental health organization; in 10 of the remaining 19 states, expenditures of multiservice mental health organizations were largest. Nationally, separate psychiatric services of non-Federal general hospitals, private psychiatric hospitals, and VA psychiatric organizations ranked next, with 16, 14, and 7 percent of total mental health expenditures, respectively. At the other extreme, residential treatment centers (RTCs) for emotionally disturbed children, freestanding psychiatric outpatient clinics, and freestanding psychiatric partial care organizations accounted for 5 percent, 3 percent, and less than 1 percent of national total expenditures, respectively. The $18.5 billion expenditure in 1986 was a 28 percent increase over the 1983 figure, but when adjusted for inflation, the estimated increase was only 5 percent overall and 3 percent on a per capita basis. Constant dollar expenditures (1983 = 100) of most types of mental health organizations increased between 1983 and 1986, but those of freestanding psychiatric outpatient clinics were virtually unchanged, and those of State mental hospitals and VA psychiatric organizations actually decreased.


In 1986, the funds received by mental health organizations totaled $19.0 billion. Of this total, $7.9 billion (41 percent) was provided directly by State governments, predominantly by the State mental health agencies. Direct Federal funds plus Medicare and Medicaid (including the State and local share of Medicaid) provided $4.8 billion, or one-fourth, of total funding. Fees from clients (including private insurance) provided $4 billion, or 21 percent, of total funding; direct local government funds provided 8 percent and all other sources 5 percent. State governments provided 78 percent of the funds received by State mental hospitals and were also the largest single source of funds, although not so dominant, for multiservice mental health organizations, freestanding psychiatric partial care organizations, and freestanding psychiatric outpatient clinics. VA medical centers were funded by the Federal Government, while two-thirds of funding for private psychiatric hospitals came from client fees...

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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