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J Neurosci Res. 1990 Aug;26(4):461-73.

Solubilization of A1 adenosine receptor from pig brain: characterization and evidence of the role of the cell membrane on the coexistence of high- and low-affinity states.

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Departament de Bioquímica i Fisiologia, Facultat de Quimica, Universitat de Barcelona, Catalunya, Spain.


The present solubilization strategy recognizes the important role of detergent cocktails in the solubilization and subsequent stability of adenosine A1, receptors from pig brain cortical membranes. The 3-[3-(cholamidopropyl)dimethylammonio]-1-propane-sulfonate-digitonin mixture produced the extraction of up to 52% of the receptor with an enrichment of 1.2-fold with respect to crude membranes. The binding activity of the soluble extract was very stable even in the absence of glycerol. In crude membranes the existence of high- and low-affinity states was detected, but in the soluble extract and in the detergent-treated membranes only the high-affinity state was detected. Association-dissociation curves showed that in crude membranes no interconversion between high- and low-affinity sites is produced by the association of the ligand [3H]R-N6-phenylisopropyladenosine. These results suggest that the high- and low-affinity states are different conformations induced by the structure of the membrane. The modulation of the binding activity by (Gpp(NH)p) 5'-guanylylimidodiphosphate and Mg2+ was studied. In crude membranes Gpp(NH)p shifted the high-affinity state to the low-affinity state, whereas the contrary occurred when Mg2+ was used. The effect of both Mg2+ and Gpp(NH)p was also assayed with the soluble extract and with the detergent-treated membranes. In addition to a decrease of the overall binding capacity, Gpp(NH)p promoted a conversion to all low-affinity states in the detergent-treated membranes or to all very-low-affinity sites in the soluble extract. Mg2+ and Gpp(NH)p counteracted their effects in intact membranes, whereas Mg2+ could not reverse the uncoupling effect of Gpp(NH)p with solubilized or detergent-treated membranes. Thus, it is suggested that Mg2+ acts at sites other than guanine-nucleotide-sensitive sites. If high-affinity states correspond to receptor/G protein complexes and low-affinity states correspond to the uncoupled receptor, we should conclude that Mg2+, as well as the loss of membrane integrity, favours the interaction of A1 receptor molecule with G protein.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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