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Insect Biochem Mol Biol. 2011 Apr;41(4):244-53. doi: 10.1016/j.ibmb.2010.12.009. Epub 2011 Jan 8.

A substrate-specific cytochrome P450 monooxygenase, CYP6AB11, from the polyphagous navel orangeworm (Amyelois transitella).

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1
Department of Entomology, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801, USA.

Abstract

The navel orangeworm Amyelois transitella (Walker) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) is a serious pest of many tree crops in California orchards, including almonds, pistachios, walnuts and figs. To understand the molecular mechanisms underlying detoxification of phytochemicals, insecticides and mycotoxins by this species, full-length CYP6AB11 cDNA was isolated from larval midguts using RACE PCR. Phylogenetic analysis of this insect cytochrome P450 monooxygenase established its evolutionary relationship to a P450 that selectively metabolizes imperatorin (a linear furanocoumarin) and myristicin (a natural methylenedioxyphenyl compound) in another lepidopteran species. Metabolic assays conducted with baculovirus-expressed P450 protein, P450 reductase and cytochrome b(5) on 16 compounds, including phytochemicals, mycotoxins, and synthetic pesticides, indicated that CYP6AB11 efficiently metabolizes imperatorin (0.88 pmol/min/pmol P450) and slowly metabolizes piperonyl butoxide (0.11 pmol/min/pmol P450). LC-MS analysis indicated that the imperatorin metabolite is an epoxide generated by oxidation of the double bond in its extended isoprenyl side chain. Predictive structures for CYP6AB11 suggested that its catalytic site contains a doughnut-like constriction over the heme that excludes aromatic rings on substrates and allows only their extended side chains to access the catalytic site. CYP6AB11 can also metabolize the principal insecticide synergist piperonyl butoxide (PBO), a synthetic methylenedioxyphenyl compound, albeit slowly, which raises the possibility that resistance may evolve in this species after exposure to synergists under field conditions.

PMID:
21220011
DOI:
10.1016/j.ibmb.2010.12.009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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