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J Food Prot. 2011 Jan;74(1):55-62. doi: 10.4315/0362-028X.JFP-08-403.

Inactivation of Listeria monocytogenes and Escherichia coli O157:H7 biofilms by micelle-encapsulated eugenol and carvacrol.

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1
Department of Food Science, University of Massachusetts, 100 Holdsworth Way, Amherst, Massachusetts 01003, USA.

Abstract

Carvacrol and eugenol were encapsulated in micellar nonionic surfactant solutions to increase active component concentrations in the aqueous phase and used to treat two strains of Listeria monocytogenes (Scott A and 101) and two strains of Escherichia coli O157:H7 (4388 and 43895) grown as biofilms in a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reactor. L. monocytogenes biofilms were grown in two different growth media, 1:20 TSB and Modified Welshimer's broth (MWB), while E. coli O157:H7 was grown in M9. In general, L. monocytogenes strains were more resistant to both micelle-encapsulated antimicrobials than E. coli O157:H7 strains. The two antimicrobials were equally effective against both strains of E. coli O157:H7, decreasing viable counts by 3.5 to 4.8 log CFU/cm(2) within 20 min. For both bacteria, most of the bactericidal activity took place in the first 10 min of antimicrobial exposure. Biofilm morphology and viability were assessed by the BacLight RedoxSensor CTC Vitality kit and confocal scanning laser microscopy, revealing an increasing number of dead cells when biofilms were treated with sufficiently high concentrations of carvacrol- or eugenol-loaded micelles. This study demonstrates the effectiveness of the application of surfactant-encapsulated essential oil components on two pathogen biofilm formers such as E. coli O157:H7 and L. monocytogenes grown on stainless steel coupons.

PMID:
21219763
DOI:
10.4315/0362-028X.JFP-08-403
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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