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J Toxicol Environ Health A. 2011;74(2-4):154-60. doi: 10.1080/15287394.2011.529065.

Toward a mechanism of prion misfolding and structural models of PrP(Sc): current knowledge and future directions.

Author information

1
Brain Research Centre, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.

Abstract

Despite extensive investigation, many features of prion protein misfolding remain enigmatic. Physicochemical variables known to influence misfolding are reviewed to help elucidate the mechanism of prionogenesis and identify salient features of PrP(Sc), the misfolded conformer of the prion protein. Prospective work on refinement of candidate PrP(Sc) models based on thermodynamic considerations will help to complete atomic-scale structural details missing from experimental studies and may explain the basis for the templating activity of PrP(Sc) in disease.

PMID:
21218344
DOI:
10.1080/15287394.2011.529065
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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