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J Conserv Dent. 2010 Oct;13(4):256-64. doi: 10.4103/0972-0707.73378.

Root canal irrigants.

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Journal of Conservative Dentistry Editor (2005-2007), Department of Conservative dentistry and Endodontics, Faculty of Dental Sciences, Sri Ramachandra University, Porur - 116, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.


Successful root canal therapy relies on the combination of proper instrumentation, irrigation, and obturation of the root canal. Of these three essential steps of root canal therapy, irrigation of the root canal is the most important determinant in the healing of the periapical tissues. The primary endodontic treatment goal must thus be to optimize root canal disinfection and to prevent reinfection. In this review of the literature, various irrigants and the interactions between irrigants are discussed. We performed a Medline search for English-language papers published untill July 2010. The keywords used were 'root canal irrigants' and 'endodontic irrigants.' The reference lists of each article were manually checked for additional articles of relevance.


CHX; E faecalis; EDTA; MTAD; NaOCl; Root canal irrigants; endodotic irrigants

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