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J Invertebr Pathol. 2011 Jan;106(1):79-91. doi: 10.1016/j.jip.2010.09.015.

Diseases of spiny lobsters: a review.

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Department of Environmental and Aquatic Animal Health, Virginia Institute of Marine Science, The College of William & Mary, Gloucester Point, VA 23062, USA.


Spiny lobsters have few reported pathogens, parasites and symbionts. However, they do have a diverse fauna comprised of a pathogenic virus, several bacteria, protozoans, helminths and even symbiotic crustaceans. A few idiopathic syndromes have also been reported, but these appear correlated with lobsters held in poor conditions. Fungal and bacterial pathogens present significant threats for rearing spiny lobsters in aquaculture settings, but only one pathogen, Panulirus argus virus 1, is thought to have damaged a fishery for a spiny lobster. No doubt others will emerge as lobsters are brought into aquaculture setting and as fishing pressure intensifies with stocks become more susceptible to anthropogenic stressors.

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