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Eur J Biochem. 1990 Oct 5;193(1):61-7.

Purification and characterization of an exo-1,4-beta-galactanase from a strain of Bacillus subtilis.

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Osaka Municipal Technical Research Institute, Japan.


An arabinogalactan 4-beta-D-galactanohydrolase was purified to a homogeneous state from the culture filtrate of a strain of Bacillus subtilis. The enzyme have a molecular mass of 36 kDa and an isoelectric point of pH 7.9. The enzyme is most active at around pH 6.5-7 and at 60 degrees C, and is stable between pH 6-10 and below 55 degrees C. Hg2+ and Cu2+ inhibit the activity. The enzyme hydrolyze soybean arabinogalactan which contains beta-1,4-galactosidic linkages in its main chain structure, but not other polysaccharides with beta-1,3-galactosidic linkages. The hydrolysis products from soybean arabinogalactan are predominantly galactobiose with a small amount of galactotetraose. The enzyme is an exo-enzyme and the ability to transfer galactobiose to other galactobiose molecules is indicated by the formation of galactotetraose.

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