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Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2011 Mar;33(6):679-88. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2036.2010.04567.x. Epub 2011 Jan 7.

Randomised clinical trial: ghrelin agonist TZP-101 relieves gastroparesis associated with severe nausea and vomiting--randomised clinical study subset data.

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1
Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, KY, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Limited therapeutic options exist for severe gastroparesis, where severe nausea and vomiting can lead to weight loss, dehydration and malnutrition due to inadequate caloric and fluid intake. TZP-101 (ulimorelin) is a ghrelin receptor agonist that accelerates gastric emptying and improves upper gastrointestinal symptoms in diabetic patients with gastroparesis.

AIM:

To assess effects of TZP-101 in diabetic gastroparesis patients with severe nausea/vomiting and baseline severity scores of ≥3.5 (range: 0-5) on the Gastroparesis Cardinal Symptom Index (GCSI) Nausea/Vomiting subscale.

METHODS:

Patients were hospitalised and received four single daily 30-min infusions of one of six TZP-101 doses (range 20-600 μg/kg) or placebo. Efficacy was assessed by symptom improvement.

RESULTS:

At baseline, 23 patients had a mean severity score for GCSI Nausea/Vomiting of 4.45±0.44. Statistically significant improvements over placebo occurred in the 80 μg/kg group for end of treatment changes from baseline in GCSI Nausea/Vomiting subscale (reduction in score of -3.82±0.76, P=0.011) and the GCSI Total score (-3.14±0.78, P=0.016) and were maintained at the 30-day follow-up assessment (-2.02±1.63, P=0.073 and -1.99±1.33, P=0.032 respectively). The proportion of days with vomiting was reduced significantly (P=0.05) in the 80 μg/kg group (mean of 1.2 days of vomiting for four treatment days) compared with placebo (mean of 3.2 days of vomiting across 4 treatment days).

CONCLUSIONS:

TZP-101 substantially reduced the frequency and severity of nausea and vomiting as well as overall gastroparesis symptoms. The results are consistent with gastrointestinal motility effects of TZP-101, supporting further investigation of TZP-101 in the management of severe gastroparesis.

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