Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Biol Pharm Bull. 2011;34(1):103-7.

The antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory action of the CHCl3-soluble phase and its main active component, damnacanthal, isolated from the root of Morinda citrifolia.

Author information

Department of Clinical Pharmacy, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kobe Gakuin University, Kobe, Hyogo 650–8586, Japan.


Morinda citrifolia (Rubiaceae, Noni) is a traditional medicine with various pharmacological activities. We investigated if the MeOH-, CHCl(3)- and BuOH-soluble phase and its main active component, damnacanthal, isolated from the Noni root, have antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory actions in mice. The CHCl(3)-soluble phase (3 g/kg, per os (p.o.)) significantly reduced pain-related behavior observed in the formalin test. These effects were not suppressed by pretreatment with naloxone (1 mg/kg, intraperitoneally (i.p.)), an opioid receptor antagonist. The CHCl(3)-soluble phase (3 g/kg, p.o.) significantly reduced histamine-induced paw edema. The MeOH- and BuOH-soluble phase had no effect in either test. Furthermore, damnacanthal (10-100 mg/kg, p.o.) exerted an antinociceptive effect on chemical nociceptive stimuli, and decreased histamine-induced paw edema. Damnacanthal was weakly bound to the histamine H(1) receptor. These data suggest that the CHCl(3)-soluble phase of the Noni root has antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory effects. Furthermore, these effects of damnacanthal isolated from the Noni root is mediated in part by the histamine H(1) receptor.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for J-STAGE, Japan Science and Technology Information Aggregator, Electronic
    Loading ...
    Support Center