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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2011 Jan;96(1):15-21. doi: 10.1210/jc.2010-1720.

Approach to the patient with gynecomastia.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, Endocrinology Division, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York 11794-8154, USA. harold.carlson@stonybrook.edu

Abstract

Gynecomastia is a common and sometimes distressing condition that may occur in males of all ages. Although most cases have benign causes and many are self-limited, male breast enlargement may also be a sign of underlying systemic disease or drug toxicity. Although rare, male breast cancer must also be considered in the differential diagnosis. A careful diagnostic evaluation should be pursued, tailored to the individual patient's circumstances. Treatment may include reassurance, medication, or surgery.

PMID:
21209041
DOI:
10.1210/jcem.96.9.zeg15a
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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