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J Med Chem. 2011 Feb 10;54(3):817-30. Epub 2011 Jan 5.

Discovery of potent competitive antagonists and positive modulators of the P2X2 receptor.

Author information

1
PharmaCenter Bonn, Pharmaceutical Institute, Pharmaceutical Chemistry I, Pharmaceutical Sciences Bonn (PSB), University of Bonn, An der Immenburg 4, D-53121 Bonn, Germany.

Abstract

Evaluation and optimization of anthraquinone derivatives related to Reactive Blue 2 at P2X2 receptors yielded the first potent and selective P2X2 receptor antagonists. The compounds were tested for inhibition of ATP (10 μM) mediated currents in Xenopus oocytes expressing the rat P2X2 receptor. The most potent antagonists were sodium 1-amino-4-[3-(4,6-dichloro[1,3,5]triazine-2-ylamino)phenylamino]-9,10-dioxo-9,10-dihydroanthracene-2-sulfonate (63, PSB-10211, IC(50) 86 nM) and disodium 1-amino-4-[3-(4,6-dichloro[1,3,5]triazine-2-ylamino)-4-sulfophenylamino]-9,10-dioxo-9,10-dihydroanthracene-2-sulfonate (57, PSB-1011, IC(50) 79 nM). Compound 57 exhibited a competitive mechanism of action (pA(2) 7.49). It was >100-fold selective versus P2X4, P2X7, and several investigated P2Y receptor subtypes (P2Y(2,4,6,12)); selectivity versus P2X1 and P2X3 receptors was moderate (>5-fold). Compound 57 was >13-fold more potent at the homomeric P2X2 than at the heteromeric P2X2/3 receptor. Several anthraquinone derivatives were found to act as positive modulators of ATP effects at P2X2 receptors, for example, sodium 1-amino-4-(3-phenoxyphenylamino)-9,10-dioxo-9,10-dihydroanthracene-2-sulfonate (51, PSB-10129, EC(50) 489 nM), which led to about a 3-fold increase in the ATP-elicited current.

PMID:
21207957
DOI:
10.1021/jm1012193
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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