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Int J Mol Med. 2011 Mar;27(3):469-77. doi: 10.3892/ijmm.2010.591. Epub 2010 Dec 27.

IL23R, NOD2/CARD15, ATG16L1 and PHOX2B polymorphisms in a group of patients with Crohn's disease and correlation with sub-phenotypes.

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Department of Histology, Embryology and Applied Biology, University of Bologna, I-40126 Bologna, Italy.


Recent genomic research has identified interleukin-23 receptor (IL23R), nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain containing 2 caspase-activation recruitment domain 15 (NOD2/CARD15), autophagy related 16-like 1 (ATG16L1) and paired-like homeobox 2b (PHOX2B) as susceptibility loci for Crohn's Disease (CD). Our aim was to investigate these gene variants in a group of CD patients and to analyse the correlation to sub-phenotypes such as gender, smoking habits, disease behaviour at diagnosis, severity of disease and extra-intestinal manifestations. Nineteen patients with CD and 20 healthy controls were included in the study. The gene variants IL23R rs7517847 and rs11209026, NOD2/CARD15 rs2066845, PHOX2B rs16853571, ATG16L1 rs2241879 and rs2241880 were genotyped by PCR followed by sequencing. The frequency of the G risk allele of IL23R rs7517847 was found to be increased in patients with CD (42%) compared to that in control subjects (20%) [odds ratio (OR), 2.9; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.06-7.9; P=0.03]. In addition, the homozygous condition GG was also associated with CD (OR, 8.70; 95% CI, 0.9-81.6; P=0.038). The analysis of correlation of genotype to sub-phenotypes showed an association of ATG16L1 rs2241879 with the lack of extra-intestinal manifestations (OR, 0.03; 95% CI, 0.002-0.45; P=0.006), and the patients defined as non-smokers displayed an increased frequency of the risk allele C (P=0.03). The present study confirms the association of the heterozygous and homozygous IL23R rs7517847 variant with CD and suggests an additive effect of smoking to the ATG16L1 rs2241879 C risk allele SNP, in the context of the multifactorial model established for the development of CD and a protective effect of the same allele against extra-intestinal manifestations.

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