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J Pers. 2011 Oct;79(5):939-63. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.2010.00708.x.

Trait dissociation and the subjective affective, motivational, and phenomenological experience of self-defining memories.

Author information

1
National Institute on Aging, NIH, DHHS, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA. sutina@mail.nih.gov

Abstract

The present research reports 2 studies that examine the relation between nonpathological trait dissociation and the subjective affect, motivation, and phenomenology of self-defining memories. In Study 1 (N=293), participants retrieved and rated the emotional and motivational experience of a general and a positive and negative achievement-related memory. Study 2 (N=449) extended these ratings to relationship-related memories and the phenomenological experience of the memory. Dissociation was associated with incongruent affect in valenced memories (e.g., positive affect in a negative memory) and memories that were visually incoherent and saturated with power motivation, hubristic pride, and shame, regardless of valence or domain. The present findings demonstrate that autobiographical memories, which integrate emotional, motivational, and phenomenological components, reflect the emotional and motivational processes inherent to dissociation.

PMID:
21204840
PMCID:
PMC3111868
DOI:
10.1111/j.1467-6494.2010.00708.x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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