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Am J Health Behav. 2011 Mar-Apr;35(2):199-208.

Exercising with an iPod, friend, or neither: which is better for psychological benefits?

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, Santa Clara University, Santa Clara, CA 94025-0333, USA. tplante@scu.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine the role of music and social contact on exercise benefits.

METHODS:

Two hundred twenty-nine (n = 229) students were randomly assigned to one of 6 conditions: biking alone with iPod or friend in a laboratory, walking alone with iPod or friend outdoors, or biking or walking alone in control conditions. All participants completed 20 minutes of exercise at 70% of their maximum target heart rate.

RESULTS:

Exercising in control conditions indoors resulted in a more relaxed and calm response. Exercising outdoors was more enjoyable and resulted in less tension and stress.

CONCLUSIONS:

Exercise environment impacts psychological benefits of exercise.

PMID:
21204682
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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