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J Physiol. 1990 Aug;427:325-45.

Consequences of CO2 acidosis for transmembrane Na+ transport and membrane current in rabbit cardiac Purkinje fibres.

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Interdisciplinary Research Centre, Catholic University of Leuven, Kortrijk, Belgium.


1. The influence of sarcolemmal Na(+)-H+ exchange on intracellular Na+ activity (aiNa), intracellular pH (pHi) and membrane holding current (Ih) was investigated in rabbit cardiac Purkinje fibres. pHi and aiNa were measured with liquid sensor ion-selective microelectrodes. A two-microelectrode voltage clamp was used while recording pHi or aiNa.pHi was varied by alternating a nominally CO2-free HEPES buffer and a CO2-HCO3-buffer. 2. The intrinsic buffer capacity was calculated from the decrease in pHi after addition of CO2. The most accurate estimate was obtained when transmembrane pHi regulation was blocked and equalled 18.4 +/- 1.0 mequiv H+/pH unit (mean +/- S.E.M.). 3. aiNa started to rise when pHi fell below 7.0. A hyperpolarization paralleled the increase in aiNa. The magnitude of the rise in aiNa and the hyperpolarization were steeply dependent on pHi. 4. Inhibition of the Na(+)-K+ pump by K(+)-free superfusion increased aiNa. The rate of rise in aiNa was highly dependent on pHi. The rates of rise in 5% (pHi = 7.00 +/- 0.03), 7% (pHi = 6.89 +/- 0.04) and 15% CO2 (pHi = 6.74 +/- 0.02) at constant external pH (pHo) relative to the rate in HEPES solution (pHi = 7.24 +/- 0.02) were: 1.5 +/- 0.2, 2.4 +/- 0.1 and 3.1 +/- 0.2. The acid-induced rise in aiNa was abolished by 2 mM-amiloride. 5. Extracellular acidosis slowed down the recovery of pHi and depressed the rate of rise in aiNa upon intracellular acidification. When both pHi and pHo were decreased to 6.7 the acid-dependent rate increase fell to about 10% of the value found at pHo 7.4. 6. The tetrodotoxin (TTX)-sensitive Na+ current was not influenced by the change in pHi in the range 6.7-7.2. 7. Intracellular acidosis was associated with an early aiNa-independent depolarization and an inward shift in Ih. Current-voltage plots revealed that the initial inward current shift reversed at -81.5 mV on average, showed inward rectification and was largely depressed in the presence of 1 mM-Ba2+. These observations indicate a decrease in K+ conductance when pHi falls. 8. The increase in aiNa elicited a Na(+)-K+ pump-dependent outward current which could override the initial aiNa-independent current shift. At a pHo of 6.7 the initial fall in Ih remained, while the secondary outward current was largely depressed. 9. The rate of active Na+ extrusion and Na(+)-K+ pump current were suppressed by about 30% at pHi 6.7 compared to pHi 7.2.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS).

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