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Eur J Immunol. 1990 Aug;20(8):1873-6.

Restoration of H-2b expression and processing of endogenous antigens in the MHC class I pathway by fusion of a lymphoma mutant to L cells of the H-2k haplotype.

Author information

1
Department of Tumor Biology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Abstract

The RMA-S lymphoma mutant cannot process and present antigens to H-2-restricted cytotoxic T lymphocytes. It synthesizes major histocompatibility complex class I heavy (H-2KbDb) and light beta 2-microglobulin (beta 2mb) chains of normal size and charge, but only a fraction of these assemble and reach the cell surface. As a first step investigating the genetic defect of this line, we have fused it to a L cell fibroblast line (H-2KkDk/beta 2ma). The fusion restored H-2Kb, Db and beta 2mb expression as well as the ability to process and present internally derived (minor histocompatibility and influenza virus nucleoprotein) antigens in RMA-S. This shows that the mutation(s) responsible for the phenotype of RMA-S is (are) not located within the MHC class I heavy and light chain genes. Other cellular factors, derived from the L cell fusion partner, can control antigen processing and transport of MHC class I molecules. These findings are discussed in relation to the observation that assembly and transport of MHC class I molecules can be induced in the mutant by H-2b-restricted peptides. The recessive nature of the defect and its independence of MHC class I genes in the mutant has important implications for future transfection studies, of this and similar mutants, aiming at establishing cells containing non-assembled MHC class I molecules of different alleles and identifying the gene(s) controlling processing of endogenous antigens.

PMID:
2120065
DOI:
10.1002/eji.1830200837
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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