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Prog Mol Biol Transl Sci. 2011;98:85-131. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-385506-0.00003-X.

Therapeutic targets for neuroprotection and/or enhancement of functional recovery following traumatic brain injury.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacy Practice, College of Pharmacy, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska, USA.


Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a significant public health concern. The number of injuries that occur each year, the cost of care, and the disabilities that can lower the victim's quality of life are all driving factors for the development of therapy. However, in spite of a wealth of promising preclinical results, clinicians are still lacking a therapy. The use of preclinical models of the primary mechanical trauma have greatly advanced our knowledge of the complex biochemical sequela that follow. This cascade of molecular, cellular, and systemwide changes involves plasticity in many different neurochemical systems, which represent putative targets for remediation or attenuation of neuronal injury. The purpose of this chapter is to highlight some of the promising molecular and cellular targets that have been identified and to provide an up-to-date summary of the development of therapeutic compounds for those targets.

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