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Child Care Health Dev. 2011 May;37(3):377-84. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2214.2010.01173.x. Epub 2010 Dec 28.

Weight loss induced by 6-month lifestyle intervention improves early endothelial activation and fibrinolysis in obese adolescents.

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1
Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Hospital Infántil de México Federico Gómez, Mexico City, Mexico.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Adolescent obesity is associated with an increased risk of adult obesity and subsequent cardiovascular diseases. The present study aimed to assess the effect of weight loss after 6-month lifestyle intervention in obese adolescents on biomarkers of endothelial activation and fibrinolytic system.

METHODS:

Eighty-five obese adolescents aged 10 to 16 years were assigned to a 6-month lifestyle intervention and 61 completed the programme. We examined the effect of the intervention on adhesion molecules (selectin E, soluble intercellular adhesion molecule 1 and soluble vascular adhesion molecule 1) and fibrinolytic parameters [plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) and fibrinogen]. Thirty-six lean adolescents were studied only at baseline as a comparison group.

RESULTS:

Compared with lean participants, obese adolescents at baseline demonstrated significantly higher levels of triglycerides, glucose, insulin, homeostasis model assessment, soluble intercellular adhesion molecule 1, PAI-1 and fibrinogen. After 6-month lifestyle intervention, those obese adolescents with decreased standard deviation score-body mass index (SDS-BMI) displayed significant decreases in insulin (19.2 ± 11.2 vs. 26.8 ± 13.2 mU/L, P≤ 0.01), homeostasis model assessment (4.24 ± 3.19 vs. 6.58 ± 4.08, P≤ 0.01), selectin E (100.2 ± 60.9 vs. 116.0 ± 69.0 ng/mL, P≤ 0.01) and PAI-1 (39.6 ± 38.0 vs. 51.8 ± 25.6 ng/mL, P≤ 0.05) with respect to the baseline levels. No changes in these parameters were observed in the obese adolescents with stable or increased SDS-BMI. The changes of triglycerides after intervention in subgroup with decreased SDS-BMI were significantly greater than those in subgroup with stable SDS-BMI.

CONCLUSIONS:

The present study demonstrated increased endothelial activation and impairment of the fibrinolytic system in early life, which is in part reversible by a 6-month lifestyle intervention.

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