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Obes Facts. 2010 Dec;3(6):357-62. doi: 10.1159/000322984. Epub 2010 Dec 16.

Air displacement plethysmography for estimating body composition changes with weight loss in middle-aged Japanese men.

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Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Tokyo, Japan.



To examine the degree to which air displacement plethysmography (ADP) can track body composition changes in response to weight loss in obese Japanese men.


50 men, aged 30-65 years with a mean BMI of 30 kg/m(2), were included in a 3-month weight loss program. Percentage of fat mass (%FM) was determined by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and ADP at baseline and month 3.


With 6.2 ± 4.3 kg of weight loss, %FM, as determined by DXA and ADP, significantly decreased by 3.9 ± 2.9% and 3.9 ± 3.3% respectively. There was no mean difference for change (Δ) in %FM between the two methods. DXA-derived Δ%FM significantly correlated with Δ%FM determined by ADP (R(2) = 0.48, p < 0.01). Furthermore, the Bland-Altman plots demonstrated no systematic bias for Δ%FM (r = -0.20, p = 0.17). However, %FM by ADP (r = 0.42) at baseline and Δ%FM by ADP (r = -0.54) were significantly correlated to the differences between Δ%FM by DXA and ADP.


These results suggest that ADP is comparably accurate for evaluating Δ%FM when compared with DXA, although there were proportional biases.

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