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Biosens Bioelectron. 2011 Feb 15;26(6):3037-43. doi: 10.1016/j.bios.2010.12.009. Epub 2010 Dec 14.

Covalent immobilization of cholesterol oxidase on self-assembled gold nanoparticles for highly sensitive amperometric detection of cholesterol in real samples.

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Department of Biotechnology, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Guwahati 781039, Assam, India.


A novel scheme for the fabrication of gold nanoparticle modified cholesterol oxidase based bioelectrode is presented and its application potential for cholesterol biosensor is investigated. The fabrication procedure is based on the deposition of gold nanoparticles on the 1,6-hexanedithiol modified gold electrode, functionalization of the surface of deposited gold nanoparticles with carboxyl groups using 11-mercaptoundecanoic acid and then covalent immobilization of cholesterol oxidase on the surface of gold nanoparticle film using the N-ethyl-N'-(3-dimethylaminopropyl carbodimide) and N-hydroxysuccinimide ligand chemistry. The assembly process of the bioelectrode is investigated using atomic force microscopy, cyclic voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The gold nanoparticle film on the electrode surface provided an environment for the enhanced electrocatalytic activities and thus resulted in enhanced analytical response. The resulting bioelectrode is further applied to the amperometric detection of cholesterol and exhibited a linear response to cholesterol in the range of 0.04-0.22 mM with a detection limit of 34.6 μM, apparent Michaelis-Menten constant (K(m)(app)) of 0.062 mM and a high sensitivity of 9.02 μA mM(-1). The fabricated bioelectrode is successfully used for the selective determination of cholesterol in human serum samples.

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