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J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2011 Jul;20(5):723-31. doi: 10.1016/j.jse.2010.09.006. Epub 2010 Dec 30.

Bone cement penetration pattern and primary stability testing in keeled and pegged glenoid components.

Author information

1
Orthopaedic Department, University of Heidelberg, Germany. Patric.Raiss@med.uni-heidelberg.de

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

It has been proposed that bone mineral density has an influence on cement penetration in hip and knee arthroplasty. The hypotheses of this study were that: 1) there is a negative correlation between bone mineral density (BMD) and cement penetration in cemented glenoid components; and 2) that implant design has an influence on cement penetration into the glenoid bone.

METHODS:

BMD of 10 pairs of fresh frozen scapulas was measured. Micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) scans in 3 different sections were analyzed after implantation of keeled and pegged glenoid components using a 3(rd)-generation cementing technique with a vacuum mixing system. Cement penetration was analyzed and correlated with BMD. Pull-out strength testing was performed to analyze primary stability.

RESULTS:

The overall peak BMD was 0.6 [g/cm(2)] (range, 0.33-0.98). A strong negative correlation between BMD and mean cement penetration was found for the peg (R(2) = -.83; P < .003) and for the keel group (R(2) = -.81; P < .005). Mean cement penetration was 78.4 mm(2) (range, 60.6-94.2) in the keel and 113.9 mm(2) (range, 78.2-143.4) in the peg group (P < .0001). In all cases, the components were pulled out of the cement mantle, whereas the bone-cement interfaces remained intact. The mean pull-out strength was 1093N (764-1343N) for keeled and 884N (650-1264N) for pegged components (P < .05).

CONCLUSION:

A modern cementing technique, leading to a deep bonding between bone and cement, is crucial to prevent loosening of glenoid components. The findings of this study might help us to better understand the results of follow-up studies of cemented glenoid implants. Our results could be helpful for the choice of implants in patients with poor bone quality like osteoporosis or rheumatoid arthritis.

PMID:
21194976
DOI:
10.1016/j.jse.2010.09.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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