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Mol Cell Neurosci. 2011 Feb;46(2):548-61. doi: 10.1016/j.mcn.2010.12.012. Epub 2010 Dec 29.

Transcription factors expressed in olfactory bulb local progenitor cells revealed by genome-wide transcriptome profiling.

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Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, Helen Wills Neuroscience Institute & Functional Genomics Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-3200, USA.


The local progenitor population in the olfactory bulb (OB) gives rise to mitral and tufted projection neurons during embryonic development. In contrast, OB interneurons are derived from sources outside the bulb where neurogenesis continues throughout life. While many of the genes involved in OB interneuron development have been characterized, the genetic pathways driving local progenitor cell differentiation in this tissue are largely unknown. To better understand this process, we used transcriptional profiling to monitor gene expression of whole OB at daily intervals from embryonic day 11 through birth, generating a compendium of gene expression encompassing the major developmental events of this tissue. Through hierarchical clustering, bioinformatics analysis, and validation by RNA in situ hybridizations, we identified a large number of transcription factors, DNA binding proteins, and cell cycle-related genes expressed by the local neural progenitor cells (NPCs) of the embryonic OB. Further in silico analysis of transcription factor binding sites identified an enrichment of genes regulated by the E2F-Rb pathway among those expressed in the local NPC population. Together these results provide initial insights into the molecular identity of the OB local NPC population and the transcription factor networks that may regulate their function.

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