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J Neural Transm (Vienna). 2011 Oct;118(10):1461-8. doi: 10.1007/s00702-010-0547-8. Epub 2010 Dec 31.

The pedunculopontine nucleus as a target for deep brain stimulation.

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1
Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, Toronto Western Hospital, University Health Network, University of Toronto, 399 Bathurst Street WW 4-447, Toronto, ON, M5T2S8, Canada.

Abstract

The pedunculopontine nucleus (PPN) is a brain stem locomotive center that is also involved in the processing of sensory and behavioral information. The PPN has been recently proposed as a potential target for the treatment of axial symptoms in Parkinson's disease (PD). To date, results of the first series of PD patients treated with PPN deep brain stimulation (DBS) have shown promising results. In this article, we review some of the basic aspects of the PPN as a target and the outcome of the recently published clinical trials.

PMID:
21194002
DOI:
10.1007/s00702-010-0547-8
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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