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J Appl Physiol (1985). 2011 Apr;110(4):892-900. doi: 10.1152/japplphysiol.00545.2010. Epub 2010 Dec 30.

Chronic heart failure reduces Akt phosphorylation in human skeletal muscle: relationship to muscle size and function.

Author information

1
Health Science Research Facility, Univ. of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05405, USA.

Abstract

Patients with chronic heart failure (HF) frequently lose muscle mass and function during the course of the disease. A reduction in anabolic stimuli to the muscle has been put forth as a potential mechanism underlying these alterations. The present study examined the hypothesis that skeletal muscle tissue from HF patients would show reduced IGF-1 expression and phosphorylation of signaling molecules downstream of receptor activation. To isolate the unique effect of HF on these variables, we limited the confounding effects of muscle disuse and/or acute disease exacerbation by recruiting controls (n = 11) with similar physical activity levels as HF patients (n = 11) and by testing patients at least 6 mo following any bouts of disease exacerbation/hospitalization. IGF-1 expression in skeletal muscle was similar between patients and controls. Despite this, HF patients were characterized by reduced levels of phospho-Akt/Akt (S473; -43%; P < 0.05), whereas no differences were found in total Akt protein content or phospho- or total protein content of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR; S2448), glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β; S9), eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E binding protein-1 (eIF4E-BP; T37/46), p70 ribosomal S6 kinase (p70 S6K; T389), or eIF2Bε (S540). Reduced phospho-Akt/Akt levels and phospho-mTOR/mTOR were related to decreased skeletal muscle myosin protein content (r = 0.602; P < 0.02) and knee extensor isometric torque (r = 0.550; P < 0.05), respectively. Because patients and controls were similar for age, muscle mass, and physical activity, we ascribe the observed alterations in Akt phosphorylation and its relationship to myosin protein content to the unique effects of the HF syndrome.

PMID:
21193562
PMCID:
PMC3075129
DOI:
10.1152/japplphysiol.00545.2010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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