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Lung Cancer. 2011 Aug;73(2):158-65. doi: 10.1016/j.lungcan.2010.11.010. Epub 2010 Dec 28.

Targeting the insulin-like growth factor I receptor inhibits proliferation and VEGF production of non-small cell lung cancer cells and enhances paclitaxel-mediated anti-tumor effect.

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1
Laboratory of Tumor Cell Biology, School of Medicine, University of Crete, Heraklion, Crete, Greece.

Abstract

The effects of AVE1642, a human monoclonal antibody against IGF-IR, were examined in NSCLC cell lines in order to characterize its anti-proliferative and anti-angiogenic activity as a single agent and in combination with chemotherapy. AVE1642 inhibited IGF-IR signaling and suppressed IGF-I-induced, serum-stimulated or autocrine-mediated proliferation of NSCLC cells in vitro. Furthermore, the combination of paclitaxel and AVE1642 resulted in a sequence-dependent increase in the inhibition of cell proliferation, compared to each agent alone, which was associated with a dose-dependent increase in phosphorylated IGF-IR and Akt. Moreover, inhibition of IGF-IR signaling by AVE1642 reduced IGF-I-induced VEGF production by NSCLC cells as well as the migratory capacity of HUVEC cells challenged with conditioned media from lung cancer cells previously exposed to IGF-I. The above results suggest that inhibition of IGF-IR signaling by AVE1642 enhances the efficacy of chemotherapy and modulates VEGF and angiogenesis in NSCLC. These effects may have important clinical implications in the treatment of NSCLC.

PMID:
21190751
DOI:
10.1016/j.lungcan.2010.11.010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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