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Korean J Pediatr. 2010 May;53(5):623-8. doi: 10.3345/kjp.2010.53.5.623. Epub 2010 May 31.

Reemergence of mumps.

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1
Department of Pediatrics, Kwandong University College of Medicine, Goyang, Korea.

Abstract

The mumps virus is a single-stranded, non-segmented, negative-sense RNA virus belonging to the Paramyxoviridae family. Mumps is characterized by bilateral or unilateral swelling of the parotid gland. Aseptic meningitis is a common complication, and orchitis is also common in adolescents and adult men. Diagnosis is based on clinical findings, but because of high vaccination coverage, clinical findings alone are not sufficient for diagnosis, and laboratory confirmation is needed. Mumps is preventable by vaccination, but despite high vaccination coverage, epidemics occur in several countries, including Korea. Many hypotheses are suggested for these phenomena. In this review, we investigate the reason for the epidemics, optimal methods of diagnosis, and surveillance of immunization status for the prevention of future epidemics.

KEYWORDS:

Mumps; Outbreak; Vaccination

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