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Lymphokine Res. 1990 Fall;9(3):283-93.

Recombinant IL-4 inhibits IL-6 synthesis by adherent peripheral blood cells in vitro.

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Department of Surgery, University of California Medical Center, San Francisco.


IL-4 has been shown to participate in interregulatory networks with other cytokines including IL-2, IFN-gamma, IL-1 beta, and TNF-alpha. The ability of recombinant IL-4 (rIL-4) to modulate the synthesis and release of IL-6 was investigated in vitro. LPS-stimulated adherent cells (AC) from human peripheral blood secreted IL-6 as determined by ELISA and bioassay with the B9 hybridoma cell line. The secretion of IL-6 peaked between 12-16 h after LPS stimulation. The addition of rIL-4 inhibited LPS-induced IL-6 production measured at 8 h. The inhibitory effect of rIL-4 on IL-6 secretion was dose-dependent and occurred at doses as low as 0.001 U/ml (0.01 pg/ml). Recombinant IL-4 was added to the cultures for various periods and removed by aspiration of the medium and washing the cells. The subsequent LPS-induction of IL-6 secretion was reduced in cultures exposed to rIL-4 for as little as 5 minutes indicating that the effect of rIL-4 on the monocytes was rapid and irreversible. Northern blot analysis revealed that the effect of rIL4 on LPS-induced production of IL-6 by AC occurred at least in part at the level of transcription. In contrast, PMA-induced IL-6 gene transcription was not affected by rIL-4. These findings indicate that rIL-4 can regulate the synthesis of IL-6 by adherent peripheral blood mononuclear cells.

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