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Med Wieku Rozwoj. 2010 Jul-Sep;14(3):310-8.

[Determinants of adolescents' physical activity].

[Article in Polish]

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Zakład Ochrony i Promocji Zdrowia Dzieci i Młodziezy, Instytut Matki i Dziecka, Warszawa.



To compare the study results concerning the correct level of 13- and 15-year-old adolescents physical activity and impact of selected physical activity determinants (self-efficacy, BMI, gender, domicile) obtained from two nationwide studies out in Poland, using a similar questionnaire in 2006 and 2008.


The material comes from two studies. The first, the 2006 HBSC survey included 2287 15-year-old students (1092 boys and 1195 girls); the second, the 2008 third phase of a prospective, three-phase survey, included 605 13-year-olds (300 boys and 305 girls) born in Poland in January 1995. Questions on physical activity were analysed (MVPA), along with the following determinants: self-efficacy, domicile, gender, body weight and height. Cross-tabulation with chi2 analysis and multilevel modelling were applied.


Physical activity deficiency was found in both examined populations. In study I--84.8%, in study II--80.3%. Self-efficacy (p < 0.01), gender (p < 0.001) and BMI (p < 0.04) had an impact on the 15-year-olds physical activity. In 13-year-olds, only self-efficacy was close to significant relation with physical activity. The results of multilevel logistic regression in study I identified protective factors: male gender [OR = 0.41; CI (OR): 0.32-0.53] and strong self-efficacy [OR = 0.66; CI (OR): 0.51-0.85]; while being underweight was identified as a risk factor [OR = 2.77; CI (OR): 1.11-6.95]. In study II only strong self-efficacy was found as a protective factor [OR = 0.51; CI (OR): 0.30-0.89] against lack of physical activity.


Most of the examined adolescents from study I as well as study II suffered from physical activity deficiency. The share of biological determinants (gender, BMI) in maintaining correct level of physical activity increased with age. A link between physical activity and self-efficacy was demonstrated in the 15-year-olds, while this tendency was identified in the 13-year-olds. The results point to a need for implementing programmes supporting self-efficacy in children under the age of 13 and to carry out assessment of self satisfaction concerning own bodyweight. In preparing these programmes sex differences should be taken into consideration.

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