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Am J Physiol. 1978 Oct;235(4):F367-75.

Calcium transport across segments of the rabbit distal nephron in vitro.


The mechanism of Ca2+ transport by various segments of the distal nephron was studied in vitro using the isolated perfused tubule technique. Calcium absorption in the distal convoluted tubule (DCT) and the granular portion of the cortical collecting duct (CCTg) was significantly enhanced in the presence of parathyroid hormone (PTH), 3 X 10(-2) U/ml. Na+ was absorbed from and K+ was secreted into the lumen of the DCT. The presence of amiloride (5 X 10(-5) M) or furosemide (5 X 10(-5) M) in the perfusate of DCT each caused a partial inhibition of Na+ but not Ca2+ absorption. The foregoing result with Na+ is consistent with the heterogeneous nature of DCT. Net Na+ absorption and K+ secretion also occurred in the CCTg; both processes were completely inhibited by amiloride. Ca2+ absorption occurred in the thick ascending limb of Henle's loop; it was not enhanced by PTH, and the results were consistent with passive movement. No net Ca2+ movement was observed in the nongranular (light) segment of the cortical collecting tubule in the presence or absence of PTH or dibutyryl cyclic adenosine monophosphate.

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