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Acta Biomater. 2011 Apr;7(4):1788-96. doi: 10.1016/j.actbio.2010.12.017. Epub 2010 Dec 23.

Mechanical characteristics of solid-freeform-fabricated porous calcium polyphosphate structures with oriented stacked layers.

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Department of Mechanical and Mechatronics Engineering, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada.


This study addresses the mechanical properties of calcium polyphosphate (CPP) structures formed by stacked layers using a powder-based solid freeform fabrication (SFF) technique. The mechanical properties of the 35% porous structures were characterized by uniaxial compression testing for compressive strength determination and diametral compression testing to determine tensile strength. Fracture cleavage surfaces were analyzed using scanning electron microscopy. The effects of the fabrication process on the microarchitecture of the CPP samples were also investigated. Results suggest that the orientation of the stacked layers has a substantial influence on the mechanical behavior of the SFF-made CPP samples. The samples with layers stacked parallel to the mechanical compressive load are 48% stronger than those with the layers stacked perpendicular to the load. However, the samples with different stacking orientations are not significantly different in tensile strength. The observed anisotropic mechanical properties were analyzed based on the physical microstructural properties of the CPP structures.

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