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J Autism Dev Disord. 2011 Oct;41(10):1397-410. doi: 10.1007/s10803-010-1166-9.

Changes in the mother-child relationship during the transition to adulthood for youth with autism spectrum disorders.

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Vanderbilt Kennedy Center, 230 Appleton Place, Nashville, TN 37203, USA.


We examined whether exiting high school was associated with changes in the mother-child relationship. Participants were 170 mothers of youth with ASD who were part of our larger longitudinal study and who exited high school during the study; data were collected four times over 7 years. Results indicated improvement in the mother-child relationship while in high school; however, improvement in all indices slowed or stopped after exit. Mothers of youth with ASD without an intellectual disability (ID) and who had more unmet service needs evidenced the least improvement after exit. Our findings provide further evidence that the years after high school exit are a time of increased risk, especially for those with ASD without ID and whose families are under-resourced.

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