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Planta. 2011 Apr;233(4):721-35. doi: 10.1007/s00425-010-1333-4. Epub 2010 Dec 24.

Occurrence of xylan and mannan polysaccharides and their spatial relationship with other cell wall components in differentiating compression wood tracheids of Cryptomeria japonica.

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Laboratory of Tree Cell Biology, Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Kyoto, 606-8502, Japan.


Compression wood (CW) tracheids have different cell wall components than normal wood (NW) tracheids. However, temporal and spatial information on cell wall components in CW tracheids is poorly understood. We investigated the distribution of arabino-4-O-methylglucuronoxylans (AGXs) and O-acetyl-galactoglucomannans (GGMs) in differentiating CW tracheids. AGX labeling began to be detected in the corner of the S(1) layer at the early S(1) formation stage. Subsequently, the cell corner middle lamella (ccML) showed strong AGX labeling when intercellular spaces were not fully formed. AGX labeling was uniformly distributed in the S(1) layer, but showed uneven distribution in the S(2) layer. AGX labeling was mainly detected in the inner S(2) layer after the beginning of the helical cavity formation. The outer S(2) layer showed almost no labeling of low substituted AGXs. Only a very small amount of high substituted AGXs was distributed in the outer S(2) layer. These patterns of AGX labeling in the S(2) layer opposed the lignin and β-1-4-galactan distribution in CW tracheids. GGM labeling patterns were almost identical to AGX labeling in the early stages of CW tracheids, and GGM labeling was detected in the entire S(2) layer from the early S(2) formation stage of CW tracheids with some spatial differences in labeling density depending on developmental stage. Compared with NW tracheids, CW tracheids showed significantly different AGX distributions in the secondary cell wall but similar GGM labeling patterns. No significant differences were observed in labeling after delignification of CW tracheids.

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