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Blood. 1990 Sep 1;76(5):925-9.

Thrombolytic properties of staphylokinase.

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Department of Physiology, Kinki University School of Medicine, Osakasayama, Japan.


We evaluated the properties of recombinant staphylokinase in comparison with those of tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) and streptokinase (SK). The presence of fibrin(ogen) fragment FCB-2 in the reaction mixture increased plasminogen activation by staphylokinase more than 20-fold. Such characteristics are similar to those of t-PA. On the other hand, SK was not affected by the presence of FCB-2. The thrombolytic properties of staphylokinase were studied in a system consisting of a radioactive human plasma clot (125I-fibrinogen-labeled) suspended in the circulating citrated plasma. Significant thrombolysis (50% in 3 hours) was obtained with 2 micrograms/mL of staphylokinase and 4.45 micrograms/mL t-PA, as compared with 12 micrograms/mL for SK. The relative molar potency of staphylokinase, calculated from the molecular weight, was about two times more effective than that of SK, but about half of that of t-PA. Systemic fibrinolytic activation and fibrinogen breakdown was not observed with staphylokinase or t-PA, but was observed with SK. The thrombolytic efficiency of staphylokinase, which was calculated as the ratio of the degree of thrombolysis/the degree of fibrinogenolysis, was about five times greater than that of SK, and about half of that of t-PA. These findings suggest that staphylokinase has higher specific thrombolytic properties and lesser fibrinogenolytic properties than those of SK.

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