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Free Radic Biol Med. 2011 Mar 15;50(6):680-8. doi: 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2010.12.021. Epub 2010 Dec 21.

Aldose reductase in keratinocytes attenuates cellular apoptosis and senescence induced by UV radiation.

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1
Department of Pharmacology, Gyeongsang Institute of Health Science, Gyeongsang National University School of Medicine, Jinju 660-751, Korea.

Abstract

Although aldose reductase (AR) has been implicated in the cellular response to oxidative stress, the role of AR in ultraviolet-B (UVB)-induced cellular injury has not been investigated. Here, we show that an increased expression of AR in human keratinocytes modulates UVB-induced apoptotic cell death and senescence. Overexpression of AR in HaCaT cells significantly attenuated UVB-induced cellular damage and apoptosis, with a decreased generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and aldehydes. Ablation of AR with small interfering RNA or inhibition of AR activity abolished these effects. We also show that increased AR activity suppressed UVB-induced activation of the p38 and c-Jun N-terminal kinases, but did not affect the extracellular signal-regulated kinase and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase pathways. Similarly, UVB-induced translocation of Bax and Bcl-2 to mitochondria and cytosol, respectively, was markedly attenuated in cells overexpressing AR. Knockdown or inhibition of AR activity in primary cultured keratinocytes enhanced UVB-induced cellular senescence and increased the level of a cell-cycle regulatory protein, p53. Finally, cellular apoptosis induced by UVB radiation was significantly reduced in the epidermis of transgenic mice overexpressing human AR. These findings suggest that AR plays an important role in the cellular response to oxidative stress by sequestering ROS and reactive aldehydes generated in keratinocytes.

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