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Respir Res. 2010 Dec 24;11:182. doi: 10.1186/1465-9921-11-182.

Beta-estradiol attenuates hypoxic pulmonary hypertension by stabilizing the expression of p27kip1 in rats.

Author information

1
Department of Pathology, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, 710032, PR China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Pulmonary vascular structure remodeling (PVSR) is a hallmark of pulmonary hypertension. P27(kip1), one of critical cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors, has been shown to mediate anti-proliferation effects on various vascular cells. Beta-estradiol (β-E2) has numerous biological protective effects including attenuation of hypoxic pulmonary hypertension (HPH). In the present study, we employed β-E2 to investigate the roles of p27(kip1) and its closely-related kinase (Skp-2) in the progression of PVSR and HPH.

METHODS:

Sprague-Dawley rats treated with or without β-E2 were challenged by intermittent chronic hypoxia exposure for 4 weeks to establish hypoxic pulmonary hypertension models, which resemble moderate severity of hypoxia-induced PH in humans. Subsequently, hemodynamic and pulmonary pathomorphology data were gathered. Additionally, pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) were cultured to determine the anti-proliferation effect of β-E2 under hypoxia exposure. Western blotting or reverse transcriptional polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) were adopted to test p27(kip1), Skp-2 and Akt-P changes in rat lung tissue and cultured PASMCs.

RESULTS:

Chronic hypoxia significantly increased right ventricular systolic pressures (RVSP), weight of right ventricle/left ventricle plus septum (RV/LV+S) ratio, medial width of pulmonary arterioles, accompanied with decreased expression of p27(kip1) in rats. Whereas, β-E2 treatment repressed the elevation of RVSP, RV/LV+S, attenuated the PVSR of pulmonary arterioles induced by chronic hypoxia, and stabilized the expression of p27(kip1). Study also showed that β-E2 application suppressed the proliferation of PASMCs and elevated the expression of p27(kip1) under hypoxia exposure. In addition, experiments both in vivo and in vitro consistently indicated an escalation of Skp-2 and phosphorylated Akt under hypoxia condition. Besides, all these changes were alleviated in the presence of β-E2.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our results suggest that β-E2 can effectively attenuate PVSR and HPH. The underlying mechanism may partially be through the increased p27(kip1) by inhibiting Skp-2 through Akt signal pathway. Therefore, targeting up-regulation of p27(kip1) or down-regulation of Skp-2 might provide new strategies for treatment of HPH.

PMID:
21182801
PMCID:
PMC3022723
DOI:
10.1186/1465-9921-11-182
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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