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Eur J Immunol. 2011 Jan;41(1):29-38. doi: 10.1002/eji.201040717. Epub 2010 Dec 3.

TLR5 functions as an endocytic receptor to enhance flagellin-specific adaptive immunity.

Author information

1
Center for Infectious Diseases and Microbiology Translational Research, Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, McGuire Translational Research Facility, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA.

Abstract

Innate immune activation via TLR induces dendritic cell maturation and secretion of inflammatory mediators, generating favorable conditions for naïve T-cell activation. Here, we demonstrate a previously unknown function for TLR5, namely that it enhances MHC class-II presentation of flagellin epitopes to CD4(+) T cells and is required for induction of robust flagellin-specific adaptive immune responses. Flagellin-specific CD4(+) T cells expanded poorly in TLR5-deficient mice immunized with flagellin, a deficiency that persisted even when additional TLR agonists were provided. Flagellin-specific IgG responses were similarly depressed in the absence of TLR5. In marked contrast, TLR5-deficient mice developed robust flagellin-specific T-cell responses when immunized with processed flagellin peptide. Surprisingly, the adaptor molecule Myd88 was not required for robust CD4(+) T-cell responses to flagellin, indicating that TLR5 enhances flagellin-specific CD4(+) T-cell responses in the absence of conventional TLR signaling. A requirement for TLR5 in generating flagellin-specific CD4(+) T-cell activation was also observed when using an in vitro dendritic cell culture system. Together, these data uncover an Myd88-independent function for dendritic cell TLR5 in enhancing the presentation of peptides to flagellin-specific CD4(+) T cells.

PMID:
21182074
PMCID:
PMC3652676
DOI:
10.1002/eji.201040717
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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