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J Orthop Traumatol. 2010 Dec;11(4):211-9. doi: 10.1007/s10195-010-0124-9. Epub 2010 Dec 23.

Graft selection in arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.

Author information

1
GLOBE, Gruppo di Lavoro Ortopedia Basata su Prove di Efficacia, Rome, Italy. romanini@artrogruppo.it

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) surgical reconstruction is performed with the use of an autogenic, allogenic or synthetic graft. The document issued by the Italian National Guidelines System (SNLG, Sistema Nazionale Linee Guida) at the National Institute of Health aims to guide orthopaedic surgeons in selecting the optimal graft for ACL reconstruction using an evidence-based approach.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

A monodisciplinary panel was formed to define a restricted number of clinical questions, develop specific search strategies and critically appraise the literature using the grading of recommendations assessment, development, and evaluation (GRADE) method. The final draft was shared by the panel and then sent to four external referees to assess its readability and clarity, its clinical relevance and the feasibility of recommendations.

RESULTS:

autograft shows moderate superiority compared with allograft, in relation to the relevant outcomes and the quality of selected evidence, after an appropriate risk-benefit assessment. Allograft shows higher failure rate and higher risk of infection. The panel recommends use of autografts; patellar tendon should be the first choice, due to its higher stability, while use of hamstring is indicated for subjects for whom knee pain can represent a particular problem (e.g., some categories of workers).

CONCLUSIONS:

autograft shows better performance compared with allograft and no significant heterogeneity in relation to relevant outcomes. The GRADE method allowed collation of all the information needed to draw up the recommendations, and to highlight the core points for discussion.

PMID:
21181226
PMCID:
PMC3014473
DOI:
10.1007/s10195-010-0124-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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