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Clin Neuropathol. 2011 Jan-Feb;30(1):11-7.

Churg-Strauss syndrome complicated by neuropathy: a clinicopathological study of nine cases.

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Section of Neuropathology, Neurological Clinic of University of Athens, Aeginition Hospital, Athens, Greece.



The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical, electrophysiological and pathological features of Churg Strauss syndrome (CSS) neuropathy.


Biopsies were selected from over 700 sural nerve biopsies. The diagnosis of vasculitis was based on established clinicopathological criteria. Complete laboratory, clinical, electrophysiological and pathological studies were performed in all cases.


Nerve biopsies of 9 patients were diagnosed as Churg-Strauss syndrome. The pathological features were vasculitis with predominant axonal degeneration and a varying pattern of myelinated fiber loss. The vasculitic changes were found mainly in small epineural blood vessels. Mononeuritis multiplex and distal symmetrical and asymmetrical sensorimotor neuropathy, were equally frequent.


We conclude that, Churg-Strauss syndrome complicated frequently with polyneuropathy, and as remission depends on immunosuppressive therapy, it is important to recognize it in the early stage. The diagnosis of polyneuropathy is based on clinical and electrophysiologic studies, but precise histology, immunolohistochemistry and morphometric study of the peripheral nerve biopsy may be decisive in establishing the diagnosis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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